Moringa

  This fast growing drought resistant tree has been used in ayurveda for thousands of years. It produces long drumstick like seed pods and can bear fruit in the first year of planting. Every part of this tree has a use or benefit to humans: from the leaves, bark, seeds, and seed pods, to the stems, roots and flowers. This is why Moringa is also known as a generous tree and is treasured by the native peoples of the areas in which it is grown. Common Name: Moringa

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Mangosteen

  The Mangosteen tree is a slow growing tree that reaches between 6 to 20 m in height. It only grows in tropical environments with abundant rainfall and temperature ranges between 5 to 38 degrees Celsius. It takes about 10 years for a mangosteen tree to mature. The ripe mangosteen has a smooth, dark purple rind encasing a white multi-segmented fruit that is refreshing to taste and often consumed for dessert. Common

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Maca

  Maca is a member of the mustard family that has been cultivated by the native people of Peru for over 2000 years. As the world’s highest growing food crop, it flourishes at altitudes of between 3048 meters and 4572 meters in the harsh conditions on the barren high plateaus of the central Andes. Maca is grown as an annual, and its root or tuber is harvested after seven to nine months. This root is so nutrient-packed

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Lo Han Guo

  Luo Han Guo is a cousin of the cucumber, and a member of the gourd family of fruits. It bears a round, smooth, dusty green-brown fruit that is covered with fine soft hairs, and a hard but thin shell. Luo Han Guo, a perennial vine, mostly grows in southern China on the steep mountains of Guilin were it has sufficient shade and warmth to flourish. On these mountains, in the 13th century, Buddhist monks used the

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Goldenseal

  Belonging to the Buttercup family, Goldenseal is a herb that grows in the rich soils of shady woodlands of North America. A perennial reaching 15 to 30 cm in height, it produces small white flowers, which bloom in spring. Fruits resemble raspberries but are inedible. Goldenseal’s root and rhizomes are gathered in the autumn after the foliage has died back. Then they are dried and used as medicine. Common

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Goji

  Goji is a popularized phonetic take on the Chinese name for the fruit, Gou Qi Zi, while the name Matrimony Vine is used because taking Goji can improve fertility. Lycium barbarum, translates as the thorn from Lycia, and Lycia was an ancient city in what is now modern Turkey, hence the name Asian Boxthorn. But where did the name Wolfberry come from? It’s not clear, but one theory is Turkey’s neighbour, Greece,

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Ginkgo

  Ginkgo trees are large, hardy and can live to 1000 years. When exposed to high temperatures the bark and leaves of the Ginkgo tree secrete a sap that is thought to have fire retardant properties. Amazingly, four Ginkgo trees were the only survivors of the atomic blast at Hiroshma in 1945 and they are still reported to be alive today. Ginkgo’s have been widely grown in temple gardens in Asia and now as an ornamental

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Gac Fruit

  A member of the melon family and about the size of a cantaloupe,Gac grows on a perennial vine and is frequently cultivated in home gardens on lattices and amongst the branches of trees.Easy to grow,Gac is available during the summer months when the fruit turns bright red and the seeds have hardened. Often referred to as the “fruit from heaven” studies on Gac have found it to be amongst the most nutrient-dense fruits known making it prized for its ability to promote longevity,

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Elderberry

  Elderberry refers to group of deciduous shrubs,small trees and herbaceous perennial plants that grow between 3 and 10 meters of which there are about 30 individual species throughout the world. There are two species of Elderberry which are used as medicine, Sambucus nigera which produces black berries and Sambucus W hance which produces red berries. Unearthed villages in Italy and Switzerland reveal evidence

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Cupuacu

  Needing an average annual rainfall of between 1.9 and 3.0 metres Cupuacu is a small to medium tree in the rainforest canopy which belongs to the Cocoa family. It yields delicious melon-sized fruit that have a creamy white pulp that tastes like a combination of chocolate, bananas, pear, passion fruit and pineapple. Inside there are about 35 hazelnut-sized seeds. Cupuacu fruit has been a primary food source in

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Cranberry

  In their natural habitat, Cranberries grow vigorously in acidic, sandy,cold water bogs which were made by glacial deposits. The plant is a long lived, dwarf, creeping shrub, or vine, which runs up to 2 m long and 10 to 20 cm in height. It has a small leaf and produces berries, which turn bright red when ripe. In the early 1600’s the Native Americans showed the Pilgrims how to collect and use these fruits.

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Cha de Bugre

  Little research has been conducted on Char de Bugre but at present it is known to contain potassium, allantoin (used for topical healing) and allantoic acid (an agent promoting healing of body tissue). The red fruits of Chá de Bugre contain naturally occurring caffeine. By steeping or soaking leaves, fruit, or bark, tinctures, extracts and teas are made which have been traditionally used to help relieve coughs,

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Camu Camu

  Camu Camu is a small, 3-5 metre,shrubby tree that grows along riverbanks within the Amazon Rainforest.It has bushy feathery foliage, small flowers with waxy white petals and a sweet-smelling aroma, and its fruits are light orange in colour and about the size of a lemon.Camu Camu plants flower at the end of the dry season and fruit at the peak of the rainy season. Fortunately, Camu Camu is extremely tolerant of flooding,

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Black Cohosh

  A member of the buttercup family, Black Cohosh is an herbaceous perennial which grows to a height of 2 to 4 meters and thrives in moist shady environments. It has beautiful long stalks of small, white, feathery flowers, and is often seen in gardens. Cohosh is a Native American word that means rough knobbly roots and it is the roots and rhizomes that have beneficial properties. In

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Bilberry

  A relative of the Cranberry, Huckleberry, and American Blueberry, the Bilberry grows in temperate and sub-arctic heath and woodlands to a height of about 40 centimetres. It is a shrubby perennial plant with bell-shaped flowers which produce small, single dark berries in summer. Its name is derived from the Danish word, bollebar, meaning “dark berry,” and its botanical genus,vaccinium,

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Bamboo

  There are more than 1,000 species of bamboo in the world,most of which flower only once every 60 to 130 years. Some Bamboo species grow at a rate of up to 5 cm per hour making them the fastest growing plants on the planet.Bamboo symbolizes longevity because of its durability, strength, flexibility and resilience; it grows and survives in the most unforgiving environments from cold mountains to tropical

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Bacopa Monnieri

  Bacopa monnieri is a creeping perennial herb that thrives in wetlands, marshy places and on muddy shores. Bacopa only grows to a height of about 15 centimetres but its branches creep horizontally over the ground. Because Bacopa can grow underwater it is often used as an aquarium plant. The small oval shaped leaves are succulent and the plant bears little white or bluish flowers which bloom nearly all year round. In

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Ashwagandha

  Ashwagandha is an erect branched shrub that grows to a height of 170cm. As a member of the nightshade family, and like its relative the tomato, Ashwagandha bears small yellow-green flowers and red fruit, although its fruit is berry-like in size and shape. The species name ‘somnifera’ means sleep-bearing in Latin, indicating it was considered a sedative. Common Name: Ashwagandha Botanical Name: Withaniasomnifera Other

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